NovoLog® Mix 70/30 Glossary
A1C: A test that can be done at your doctor’s office that measures how well your blood sugar has been controlled over the past 2 to 3 months.
Bad cholesterol: Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. A high level of bad cholesterol can lead to a number of health problems.
Basal insulin: A steady level of insulin released by the body throughout the day and night. Basal insulin may be taken by injection as part of diabetes treatment.
Bolus insulin: Short bursts of insulin released by the body that cover the rise in blood sugar that occurs after meals or snacks. Bolus insulin may be taken by injection at mealtime as part of diabetes treatment.
Cholesterol: A fat-like substance that is found in the bloodstream and body tissue. Cholesterol is used by the body to make hormones and build cell walls. However, too much cholesterol can cause problems.
Dietitian: A health care professional who advises people about meal planning, weight control, and diabetes management.
Endocrinologist: A doctor who treats people who have endocrine gland problems such as diabetes.
Fasting plasma glucose: Called FPG for short, this is your blood sugar when you have been “fasting” (not eating) for at least 8 hours. You may be checking this in the morning.
Glucose: Also known as blood sugar, glucose is used by the body for fuel. Glucose is produced when the digestive system breaks down food.
Good cholesterol: High-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol. Good cholesterol helps remove deposits from inside your blood vessels and helps keep them from getting blocked.
Hormone: Substance made by the body to help it work in different ways. For example, insulin is a hormone made in the pancreas to help the body use sugar as energy.
Human premix insulin: An older form of premix insulin that combines short-acting and intermediate-acting insulin. The effects of Novolin® 70/30 start working half an hour after injection.
Hyperglycemia: High blood sugar (above 130 mg/dL when tested in the morning or before a meal; at or above 180 mg/dL when tested 2 hours after a meal, according to the American Diabetes Association).
Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar (below 70 mg/dL, according to the American Diabetes Association).
Insulin analog: A more recent type of insulin than human insulin. Insulin analogs have been changed slightly to allow fast-acting insulin to act more quickly or long-acting insulin to act more slowly and for a longer period of time than regular human insulin.
Insulin pen: A device for injecting insulin that looks like an ink pen and may be disposable or use replaceable cartridges of insulin.
Ketoacidosis: A serious condition where high levels of ketones are in the body; can be caused by too little insulin.
Ketones: Waste created when fat cells are burned for energy. In large amounts, ketones change the blood chemistry and can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis (see above).
Nurse Educator: Medical professionals who can help you learn the daily aspects of diabetes self-care.
Nutritionist: A person with training in nutrition. A nutritionist usually has specialized training and qualifications.
Ophthalmologist: A medical doctor who diagnoses and treats all eye diseases and eye disorders.
Pancreas: An organ in the body that produces a few different hormones including insulin, which enables the body to use sugar for energy.
Pharmacist: Trained professionals who know about the chemistry of medicines you take for your diabetes and other conditions.
Premix insulin: Insulin taken by injection as part of a diabetes care plan that combines the long-acting effects of basal and the fast-acting effects of bolus insulin.
Primary Care Provider: This may be your primary care or family practice doctor who you see for general checkups and when you get sick.
Podiatrist: A doctor who specializes in the feet. Podiatrists also provide regular foot examinations and treatment.
Postprandial plasma glucose (PPG): Your after-meal blood sugar number, tested about 1 to 2 hours after you eat. This measures the blood sugar spikes that happen after you eat.
Type 1 diabetes: A condition characterized by high blood sugar levels caused by a lack of insulin. It occurs when the body’s immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas and destroys them. The pancreas then produces little or no insulin and therefore blood sugar cannot enter the cells to be used for energy. Type 1 diabetes develops most often in young people but can appear in adults.
Type 2 diabetes: A condition characterized by high blood sugar levels caused by either a lack of or not enough insulin, or the body’s inability to use insulin efficiently. Type 2 diabetes develops most often in middle-aged and older adults, but is being seen more and more in young adults too.