Managing Your Diabetes

Keep track of the food you eat

For people with diabetes, it's important to keep body weight and blood sugar under control. It may help to record your eating habits in a food diary. Details like what time you eat, how hungry you are before and after you eat, and even what you're thinking about while you eat could go in your food diary. After a while, you may learn more about why you make the food choices you make and what you can do to change them, if necessary.


Cornerstones4Care®, the free diabetes support program from Novo Nordisk, has a number of tools and tips to help you manage your diabetes your way. These include a menu planner with a variety of delicious recipes, a Blood Sugar Tracker, physical activity tips, and a whole lot more.

Click here to check out the tools and tips at Registration is free, quick, and easy!

Kick bad habits, such as smoking and alcohol

Smoking cigarettes can lead to many health problems. Diabetes symptoms and diabetes complications are worse for smokers than nonsmokers. Do not drink alcohol or use prescription or over-the-counter medicines that contain alcohol while taking NovoLog® Mix 70/30. Talk with your health care provider to learn more about how alcohol may affect your diabetes.

Diabetes and maintaining healthy teeth and gums

Diabetes may lead to higher levels of sugar in your saliva. This could lead to a higher risk for tooth decay and gum disease. To keep your teeth and gums healthy, brush at least 3 times a day and floss daily. You should also make regular visits to your dentist for examinations and cleanings. Always follow your health care team's specific directions. Learn more about diabetes and your teeth and gums at

Get a good night's rest

It is important to your total health to get a full night of sleep. Talk to your diabetes care team if you feel that you aren't getting enough sleep at night.

Take good care of your feet

People with diabetes are more likely to have problems with their feet.  Some people with diabetes get tingling or numbness in their feet due to nerve damage (also called diabetic neuropathy). If you experience numbness in your feet, you may get a blister or cut down there and not feel it. If you don’t know you have cuts on your feet, you’re probably not doing anything to treat them. And after a while, these injuries could become infected.

That is why it’s important to take good care of your feet. Check your feet every day to make sure there are no blisters, swelling, cuts, or other problems. Wash your feet daily. And wear clean, dry socks throughout the day. Don’t go barefoot, even inside the house. You can talk with your diabetes care team, including a foot doctor (podiatrist), about any foot problems you may have.

Protecting your eyes

High blood sugar can damage the tiny vessels that bring blood to your eyes, leading to a variety of problems, and possibly even loss of vision. That’s why, if you’re living with diabetes, it’s important to properly take care of your eyes.

Learn the steps you can take to help protect your eyes.

Check in with your diabetes care team regularly

Your diabetes care team may be more than just your doctor, just like your diabetes treatment plan is more than just treating your blood sugar. Diabetes may also affect your eyes, nerves, feet, and your teeth and gums. You should work with health care providers who specialize in these fields of care as well. You’ll want to meet with these providers regularly:

Primary care physician—your family physician who you see for general checkups and when you get sick

Endocrinologist—a doctor who specializes in treating diabetes and other hormone-related conditions

Diabetes educator—a medical professional who is trained to teach or care for people with diabetes

Registered dietitian—a professional who’s trained in nutrition who can help you figure out the best foods for you

Ophthalmologist—a medical doctor who diagnoses and treats all eye diseases and eye disorders

Podiatrist—a doctor who specializes in the feet

Dentist—a doctor who treats the teeth and gums

Nurse Educator—a registered nurse (RN) with special training and background in caring for and teaching people with diabetes

Pharmacist—trained professionals who know about the chemistry of medicines you take for your diabetes and other conditions

Other health professionals as needed.

Staying Active

Get ideas and tips for working more physical activity into your day – that doesn’t involve joining a gym.

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Diabetes Meal Planning Makeover Tool on Cornerstones4Care®

Healthy eating just got easier with the Cornerstones4Care® Menu Planner Tool—learn how to plan, track your meals, and create a menu of tasty, diabetes-friendly dishes.

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Foot Care For People With Diabetes

People with diabetes have to take special care of their feet. Learn the steps to proper foot care with this helpful fact sheet from Cornerstones4Care®.

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