Facts About Diabetes

If you are living with diabetes, you are not alone!

  • Nearly 1 in 11 people have diabetes
  • 29.1 million people in the United States have diabetes, and the number is growing
  • Diabetes is an epidemic: 1 out of 3 people may have type 2 diabetes by 2050

Even if you have been diagnosed with diabetes, you may not know exactly what’s going on in your body.

Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not make enough insulin or does not correctly use the insulin it produces. Without insulin, sugar can’t get into the cells where it’s needed. Instead, it stays in the blood, causing blood sugar to rise.

The most common types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

Facts about type 1 diabetes ››

Facts about type 2 diabetes ››

Treating diabetes with insulin ››

Basal and bolus insulin ››

Managing type 1 and type 2 diabetes ››

A1C and average blood sugar

Facts about type 1 diabetes

According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), about 5% of American adults with diabetes have type 1 diabetes. With type 1 diabetes, the body makes very little or no insulin. Too much sugar can build up in the blood and can eventually cause diabetes-related problems (complications). Although type 1 diabetes often shows up in childhood or early adulthood, it can appear at any age.

Facts about type 2 diabetes

The most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes may still make some insulin but the body cannot correctly use the insulin it does make. Without enough insulin, or not being able to use it correctly, too much sugar can build up in the blood. Too much sugar in the blood can eventually cause diabetes-related problems (complications).

Millions of people around the world have type 2 diabetes. In fact, about 95% of people who have diabetes have type 2.

Type 1 diabetes Type 2 diabetes
The body makes very little or no insulin The body prevents the insulin it does make from working correctly
People with type 1 diabetes must take insulin every day The body may make some insulin, but not enough
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed more often in children and young adultsa Most people with diabetes–about 95%–have type 2

This kind of diabetes is usually diagnosed in adults, but is also being seen more and more in young adults,a as well as in some people who are overweight

aNovoLog® Mix 70/30 is not approved for patients younger than 18 years.

Treating diabetes with insulin

People with type 1 diabetes must treat their diabetes with insulin since their bodies naturally make very little or no insulin. Some people with type 2 diabetes can treat their diabetes with healthier food choices, regular physical activity, and non-insulin medications. But because diabetes changes over time, many people with type 2 diabetes will eventually need to take insulin. Needing insulin does not necessarily mean that you didn't follow your diabetes care plan. It just means that your body can no longer make enough insulin or properly use the insulin you do make.

Basal and bolus insulin

In people without diabetes, the body releases insulin in 2 different ways. First, it releases insulin at a steady “basal” rate throughout the day and night so the body will have enough energy even when you're not eating.

In people without diabetes, the body also releases short bursts of insulin at mealtime to cover the spikes in blood sugar caused by food. This is called a "bolus" release of insulin.

NovoLog® Mix 70/30 is typically taken twice a day and works in 2 ways. It can help cover both the body's bolus needs at mealtime and the body's basal needs for up to 24 hours.

Managing type 1 and type 2 diabetes

An important step you can take in managing your type 1 or type 2 diabetes is to make some adjustments to your daily routine. Even the smallest change may result in great benefits.

One important step to take is to check your blood sugar as directed by your doctor. You may need to check both before and after meals.

  • Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) is your blood sugar when you have been fasting (not eating) for at least 8 hours. You may be checking this in the morning
  • Postprandial plasma glucose (PPG) is your after-meal blood sugar, tested about 1 to 2 hours after you eat. This measures mealtime blood sugar spikes

Controlling your fasting and post-meal blood sugar can help you manage your diabetes. And the dual action of NovoLog® Mix 70/30 can help. Your doctor will give you an A1C test. An A1C test checks your progress by measuring your average blood sugar over 2 to 3 months.

You and your doctor will set goals for your A1C results. The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends an A1C level of less than 7%.

A1C and average blood sugar

When A1C results come back from the lab, there may be another blood sugar reading. For many people, it's easier to understand the average blood sugar reading because it is expressed in the same units that you see on your blood sugar meter, (mg/dL).

A1C Levels Average Blood Sugar
6% 126 mg/dL
7% 154 mg/dL
8% 183 mg/dL
9% 212 mg/dL
10% 240 mg/dL
11% 269 mg/dL
12% 298 mg/dL
Type 2 Diabetes

Learn more about type 2 diabetes, the role the insulin your body makes naturally plays, and how a man-made analog insulin like NovoLog® Mix 70/30 can help.

Read More

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